“I live in the house of Emir of Bukhara” (St. Petersburg)

The house of Emir of Bukhara affects primarily the absolute discrepancy of his appearance name, that is, the identity of the customer (however, as we know, had not managed to live there). The residence of a vassal of the Russian Emperor, head of public education, still far from the standards of Westernization or modernization, somehow had to have the appearance of an Italian Palazzo in the age of mannerism (XVI century) — probably at the whim of the Emir.

This can be judged by knowing the identity of the author, Stepan Krichinsky, an architect totally unprincipled and, indeed, all ready. So, for anglomane serbova he builds in Gatchina house in the spirit of the movement “arts and crafts”, count Vorontsov-Dashkova — Russian classical manor house in Shuvalovo, for the Emperor — the ancient fairy town (the barracks at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo). This ability to adapt to any taste guaranteed Krechinskogo widespread popularity, but the architect of the first row, he certainly was not.

The Emir was related to the construction of the St. Petersburg mosque, one of whose authors were all the same Krichinsky, who was responsible in this case for the reliability of quotes from Muslim architecture (for a better acquaintance with the original architect even made a trip to Bukhara). Krichinsky was descended from Lithuanian Tatars, although the family had converted to Orthodoxy long before Stepan Samoilovich into the light. It is no coincidence, however, the Lithuanian Muslim community turned to him with a request to design a mosque in Vilna; but this simplified version of the St. Petersburg mosque has remained on paper.

In the construction of apartment houses, where, as usual, the home owner was not that big a place — the rest of the apartments were rented, the customer apparently didn’t want to emphasize their origin, on the contrary, wishing to emphasize the enlightenment, europeanjapanese. House in style is perfectly coordinated with the time and place — a neoclassical reaction of the 1910-ies and the Petrograd side, violently zastraivaya as times during this period. Although the neighboring buildings, mostly later, in the same classical style was something to build before the revolution (as the Skating rink next door). The opportunity to build up an entire block or to cover the area, as in Soviet times, Krichinsky was not. He limited the arrangement of the inner area, established front yards, the so — called coronary, which went out of the window most of the apartments. Court d’honneur — original item just the Renaissance, but rather French than Italian (where the details of the house): in Italy, the move was closed courtyards. The rest of the building is very close to the historical prototypes (a single call will not work, it’s still a mixture), except that its dimensions are unique to the XX century.

10. January 2018 by Ekaterina
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